1-Visa and Immigration requirements
Visa applications may be obtained at Ethiopia diplomatic missions located in Abidjan, Accra, Beijing, Bonn, Brussels, Cairo, Dakar, Djibouti, Geneva, Harare, Jeddah, Johannesburg, Khartoum, Lagos, London, Moscow, Nairobi, New Delhi, New York, Ottawa, Paris, Pyongyang, Riyadh, Rome, Sanaa, Seoul, Stockholm, Tehran, Tel Aviv, Tokyo, Tripoli,'yienna, and Washington DC. Visas are required for all visitors to Ethiopia, with the exception of nationals of Djibouti and Kenya. Visas should be applied for well in advance of any trip as applications can take time to process. Except in the case of a few nationals, passengers in transit in Ethiopia holding confirmed onward bookings within 72 hours can obtain transit visas on arrival for a fee of Ethiopian birr 20. However, in this case, passports are held at the airport until departure and a pink-coloured receipt card is issued. Any visitor intending to take up work or residence in Ethiopia must have a work permit from the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs and a resident permit from the Department of Immigration in the Ministry of the Interior. A visitor on a tourist visa cannot take up work or get a work permit. It is best to have all formalities cleared before you enter Ethiopia and come in on a working visa.
2- Health requirements
All visitors (including infants) are required to possess a valid yellow fever vaccination certificate. Vaccination against cholera is also required for any person who has visited or transited a cholera infected area within six days prior to arrival in Ethiopia. Your doctor may also recommend gamma globulin shots or refresher vaccines for typhoid and polio before you go. Hepatitis, typhoid, meningitis, and other communicable diseases do exist in the country, but most tourists will run little risk of coming in contact with them. Malaria is endemic throughout the country even at altitudes as high as 2,000 metres (6,560 feet). Visitors should begin taking a recommended chloroquine-based prophylactic two weeks before their arrival and continue taking them for six weeks after their departure. Medication for chloroquine-resistant malaria is also a wise precaution, especially when in a malarial area. Bilharzia (schistosomiasis) is common throughout Ethiopia but is easily avoided by drinking treated water - tap water in Addis Ababa is treated and safe to drink - and by not swimming in lakes and rivers, with the exception of lakes Langano and Shalla, which are known to be bilharzia free. International flights Ethiopia is served internationally by Ethiopian Airlines, Lufthansa, Alitalia, Egypt Air, Kenya Airways, Puntavia (Air Djibouti), Saudia, Sudan Airways, and Yemenia. Ethiopia's major point of entry by air is Addis Ababa's Bole International Airport, which is modest but does provide full passenger facilities - currency exchange, postal services, banking facilities, telephones, a duty-free shop, gift shops, and a restaurant and bar service. Taxis and rental cars are available at the airport for transport into Addis Ababa.
3-What to Bring: Hiking Gear
Each of the following items is appropriate for a hike. It makes sense to be conscientious about bringing these things along for safe and comfortable trek while in the Simien mountains.
- Trekking Boots
The protection of your feet needs to be given top priority when trekking. Some people just wear running sneakers, which can be okay if you're taking a short trek. Foot pain or discomfort can quickly take the fun out of Trekking, and an injury could prevent you from walking at all. Trekking shoes are designed to provide comfort and support for the feet and ankles while walking on rough ground. Wearing them will reduce the tear on your feet and minimize the risk of an injury. Boots will also protect your feet from any mud or water on the trail. The most sensible choice for hiking in the Simien mountains national park is a light-to-medium-weight boot that will provide a decent amount of support but also a bit of flexibility.
Rain must always be considered a possibility in the Simiens mountains national park from the begging of June to the begging of September . Most rain does not turn out to be a big deal, however, and it often does not last long. But having protection is essential.
- Day Pack
A day pack is a small frameless backpack that has enough room for everything you will need on a day hike: lunch, water, rainwear, extra clothing, and perhaps a few small additional items like bug repellant, a camera, etc. A day pack is by far the best way to carry these things, as it leaves the arms and hands free and does not interfere with movement.
- First Aid Kit
we usually provide one during the trekking.
- Insect Repellant
Simien mountains national park is clean from Mosquitos & Bugs but it makes sense to bring insect repellant during the warmer seasons -- preferably a small container of concentrated repellant. Whether or not you will encounter biting insects is affected by such variables as air temperature and recent rainfall. At times the repellant will prove essential for your comfort.
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